Inger Marie Berg-Hansen
- Early settlement in Northern Europe (Late Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic)
- Human relations to technology and the role of technology in human society, - both in prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies and in societies in general.
- Stone technology
- Stone Age settlement survey
The social technology - Technology and traditions in Northern Europe by the end of the Ice Age, 10,900 - 8500 BC
The thesis discusses how technology can form the basis for studies of social relations in prehistoric societies, and is based on theory about the relationship between technology, action and society developed within French sociology and ethnology. This forms the basis for a study of the long-term development of social relations and organization of the society in Northern Europe in Final Paleolithic and Early Mesolithic. The study also encompasses the social processes during the first settlement of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The empirical basis is a comparative technological analysis of production waste and stone tools from 20 Stone Age sites in northwestern Germany, Denmark, western Sweden and Norway. The study encompasses chaîne opératoire analysis, dynamic – technological analysis and attribute analysis. A study of variations in methods for the production of blades and blade tools between archaeological groups (Ahrensburg culture, Early Maglemose, Fosna, Hensbacka and Phase 1/Komsa), form the basis for identifying technological traditions.
The analysis shows a development from standardized and uniform production concepts in Final Paleolithic, to varied and flexible concepts in Early Mesolithic. At the same time, the basic technological concepts were maintained throughout the period. On this basis it is possible to outline the social development: In Final Paleolithic, the population was small and dispersed, but connected by social networks across large distances. Further, the study indicates that there was both a continuity of, and increase in, the population around the transition to Early Mesolithic. A close technological relationship between the Early Mesolithic groups shows that social networks were already established at the time of the settlement of western Sweden and Norway. During Early Mesolithic, a process of regionalization appears to have begun. Immigration and settlement on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Preboreal took place as a gradual expansion, through the establishment of family groups and enlargement of territories.
Higher education and employment history
PhD, Department of Archaeology, Conservation and History, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo, 2017.
Magister artium in Nordic archaeology from University of Oslo, 2002. Dissertation: "Registrering som erfaring. En undersøkelse av metoden for steinalderregistrering i Norge med eksempel fra Lista i Vest-Agder." [Stone Age Settlement survey as experience. An investigation of survey methods used in Norway, with example from Lista, Vest-Agder, Southern Norway.]
2017- : Associate Professor, Dep. of Archaeology, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo
2012-2016: Research fellow, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo
2008 – 2011: Deputy Head of Dep. of Heritage Management, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo
2002 – 2011: Researcher, Dep. of Heritage Management, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo. Project leader for excavations of cultural heritage monuments from Stone Age, Bronze, Age and Iron Age.
1985 – 2002:
Employee on excavation projects including cultural heritage monuments from Stone Age to medieval times.
Archaeology adviser/executive officer at the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage (Riksantikvaren), Vest-Agder County and Oslo City administration (Byantikvaren).
Member of steering committee for E18- Brunlanesprosjektet, Museum of Cultural History, 2007-2012.
Member of steering committee for Vestfoldbaneprosjektet, Museum of Cultural History, 2010 - 2013.
Head of steering committee for the archaeological excavation project E18 Tvedestrand-Arendal 2016-2017.
Berg-Hansen, Inger Mare (accepted). Alt Duvenstedt LA121 revisited - Blade technology in Ahrensburg culture. Eriksen, B. V., Rensink, E., Harris, S. (eds.): Proceedings of the Amersfoort, Schleswig and Burgos meetings of the UISPP commission for "The Final Palaeolithic of Northern Eurasia".
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie (in press). Continuity and change in Late Glacial and Postglacial social networks; knowledge transmission and blade production methods in Ahrensburgian and Early Mesolithic North West Europe. Knutsson, K., Knutsson, H., Apel, J., Glørstad, H., (eds.): The Technology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Transmission of Knowledge and Culture (Volume 2). Equinox Publishing
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie, ed. (2015). Arkeologiske undersøkelser 2005-2006, Kulturhistorisk museum, Universitetet i Oslo [Archaeological excavations 2005-2006, Museum of Cultural history, University of Oslo]. Portal forlag. 174 pages.
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie (2014). Kommentar til Leif Inge Åstveit: Noen synspunkt på den tidlig-mesolittiske bosetningen i Sør-Norge [Comment on Leif Inge Åstveit: Some perspective on the early Mesolithic settlement in southern Norway]. Primitive tider 16:105-109.
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie (2010). På sporet av tidlig gårdsstruktur : Kjelsvika - en marginal bosetning fra bronsealder og jernalder i et sentralområde på Lista, Vest-Agder fylke [Searching for early farms]. Viking. ISSN 0332-608X. 73:121- 142
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie (2009). Steinalderregistrering. Metodologi og forskningshistorie i Norge 1900-2000, med en feltstudie fra Lista i Vest-Agder. [Stone Age Settlement Survey. Methodology and research history in Norway between 1900 and 2000, - including a field study from Lista, Vest-Agder.] Kulturhistorisk museum, Fornminneseksjonen, Universitetet i Oslo. 197 pages. ISBN 978-82-8084-048-6.
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie (2009). Vognhjulet i brønnen - sjeldent funn fra en førromersk boplass på Borgenhaugen i Sarpsborg, Østfold [The wheel in the well]. Varia 77. ISSN 1504-3266.
Berg-Hansen, Inger Marie (1999). The Availability of flint at Lista and Jæren, Southwestern Norway.. Universitetets Oldsaksamlings Skrifter. ISSN 0806-3907. (22); 255- 266.