Inger Marie Berg-Hansen

Associate Professor - Department of Archaeology
Image of Inger Marie Berg-Hansen
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47 22851913
Mobile phone +47 41688955
Visiting address St. Olavsgt. 29
Postal address Postboks 6762 St. Olavs plass 0130 Oslo

Research interests

  • Early settlement in Northern Europe (Late Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic)
  • Human relations to technology and the role of technology in human society, - both in prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies and in societies in general.
  • Litihic technology
  • Landscape archaeology
  • Stone Age settlement survey



PhD, Department of Archaeology, Conservation and History, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo, 2017.

Magister artium in Nordic archaeology from University of Oslo, 2002. Dissertation: "Registrering som erfaring. En undersøkelse av metoden for steinalderregistrering i Norge med eksempel fra Lista i Vest-Agder." [Stone Age Settlement survey as experience. An investigation of survey methods used in Norway, with example from Lista, Vest-Agder, Southern Norway.]

Employment history

2017- : Associate Professor, Dep. of Archaeology, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo

2012-2016: Research fellow, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo

2008 – 2011: Deputy Head of Dep. of Heritage Management, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo

2002 – 2011: Researcher, Dep. of Heritage Management, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo. Project leader for excavations of cultural heritage monuments from Stone Age, Bronze, Age and Iron Age.

1985 – 2002: Employee on excavation projects including cultural heritage monuments from Stone Age to medieval times.

Archaeology adviser/executive officer at the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage (Riksantikvaren), Vest-Agder County and Oslo City administration (Byantikvaren).


  • Board member, Museum of Cultural History, 2020-2024, elected representative of scientific staff.

  • Head of steering committee for the archaeological excavation project E18 Tvedestrand-Arendal 2016-2018.

  • Member of steering committee for Vestfoldbaneprosjektet, Museum of Cultural History, 2010 - 2013.

  • Member of steering committee for E18- Brunlanesprosjektet, Museum of Cultural History, 2007-2012.

  • Member of Scientific Commission for The Final Palaeolithic of Northern Eurasia, UISPP (

  • Archaeologia Baltica (journal) -  member of the editorial board (



The social technology - Technology and traditions in Northern Europe by the end of the Ice Age, 10,900 - 8500 BC 

Summary: The thesis discusses how technology can form the basis for studies of social relations in prehistoric societies, and is based on theory about the relationship between technology, action and society developed within French sociology and ethnology. This forms the basis for a study of the long-term development of social relations and organization of the society in Northern Europe in Final Paleolithic and Early Mesolithic. The study also encompasses the social processes during the first settlement of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The empirical basis is a comparative technological analysis of production waste and stone tools from 20 Stone Age sites in northwestern Germany, Denmark, western Sweden and Norway. The study encompasses chaîne opératoire analysis, dynamic – technological analysis and attribute analysisA study of variations in methods for the production of blades and blade tools between archaeological groups (Ahrensburg culture, Early Maglemose, Fosna, Hensbacka and Phase 1/Komsa), form the basis for identifying technological traditions.

The analysis shows a development from standardized and uniform production concepts in Final Paleolithic, to varied and flexible concepts in Early Mesolithic. At the same time, the basic technological concepts were maintained throughout the period. On this basis it is possible to outline the social development: In Final Paleolithic, the population was small and dispersed, but connected by social networks across large distances. Further, the study indicates that there was both a continuity of, and increase in, the population around the transition to Early Mesolithic. A close technological relationship between the Early Mesolithic groups shows that social networks were already established at the time of the settlement of western Sweden and Norway. During Early Mesolithic, a process of regionalization appears to have begun. Immigration and settlement on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Preboreal took place as a gradual expansion, through the establishment of family groups and enlargement of territories.


Tags: Archaeology, Stone Age, Lithic Technology, Technology, Material culture, Stone Age Survey, Landscape archaeology, Hunter-gatherers
Published Sep. 11, 2012 2:23 PM - Last modified Aug. 29, 2021 10:51 AM